Database Research Summaries2018 Breeding & Development of a Breadth of SB Cultivars
The focus of this project is to develop new traits for increased yield and specialty products.
- Develop or work towards the development of food grade cultivars suitable for international markets: tofu and soymilk, natto and soy sprouts, and black seeded.
- Integrate pest and pathogen resistance critical to adaptation to Ohio and/or quality of seed into food grade cultivars including resistance to soybean aphid, soybean cyst nematode, and Phytophthora sojae.
- Work towards the conversion of conventional breeding program to high oleic.
- Training of the next generation of soybean breeders.
- Protein and oil data was collected via NIR on 2-3 replicates of 2-3 locations of nearly 1000 breeding lines. Data for 2018 as well as multi-year summaries have been calculated. Based on this data as well prior reports on pest and disease resistance, we have prepared materials for release of three cultivars including two for the tofu and soymilk market.
- Additionally, two of the seven-natto cultivars that have undergone a second year of yield are exhibiting promising yield and seed size.
- For our development of black seeded soybean cultivars, over 200 F4 plants are being grown this summer. Preliminary seed color and yield took place in 2018. Fully replicated yield trials will occur over two or three years, depending on performance and producer interest, starting in summer of 2019, with earliest release of cultivars in fall of 2020.
The development and release of this material is critical for two reasons: 1) it feeds a small market of producers who grow public non-GM commodity soybean cultivars and 2) the release of cultivars and germplasm with excellent traits for Ohio adaptation provides sources of these traits to industry breeders.
For more information about this research project, please visit the National Soybean Checkoff Research Database.
Funded in part by the soybean checkoff.